Dawn of Industries
person who judges the economic well-being of Gondal by setting the
value of goods imported into the state against that of the
merchandise exported is likely to be misled. The balance of visible
trade is seldom in favour of Bhagvatsinhji’s subjects. So it has
been ever since the present economic era began in India.
currency with which Gondal pays for import and export is different.
Therefore there is no loss or gain on account of exchange to be
considered. To make a correct idea of economic it is therefore
becomes necessary to take into account of Imports. His Highness made
a rigid economic ever since he came to power.
profit earned by the state was not kept idle in the Treasury, but
have been invested in the various economic such as building of
railways, railway track and electricity by providing this state
receives revenue from the people.
amount then received in this shape was external dividends. It was
used to carry the business with the British India, including Burma,
East India and South Africa. Further to have more income a ginning
factory was established at Dhoraji in 1871 and little later a press
too. In the eighties the main business and the income of the state
was production of cotton and woolen cloths, gold embroidery, and
woodwork, brass and copper utensils. Progress was such that in 1886
there were 835 cotton and 75 wool-weaving had-loom establishments.
major export of that time was yarn, oils, molasses, wool, cereals,
hides and skins; and the imports of timber, cotton, woolen and
silken cloth, gold, silver and other metals. He was confident that
expansion if Railway would bring the expansion of business in
Revival of confidence led a company of merchants next year to
establish a ginning factory near Railway Station. Other factory such
as foundry, iron and brass factories, manufacturing ornamental
railings, brackets, staircases, garden benches, trunks, teapoys were
additions to advancing loans and using other means to encourage
industry, His Highness provided technical training for young men
interested in such activities. He sent three boys, dyers by caste,
to learn modern methods of dying and kindred subjects and at the
Kala-Bhavan (Technical institute) at Baroda.
men in receipt of scholarships were also sent to the railway
workshops at Ghadechi to receive practical training in mechanics.
1920 a factory for manufacturing small articles such as
nut-crackers, knives, razors and water-tape was established at
the establishment of industries there has been a drift of
populations towards the towns and rise in wages. The Great War
particularly strengthened this tendency.